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APA 7th ed. Style Guide

This guide gives an overview of formatting a research paper using APA 7th edition citation style

What are Textual Works?


  • works published periodically
  • journals
  • magazines
  • newspapers
  • blogs

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Periodical, vol #(issue #), page numbers.

Books and Reports

  • Print or eBooks
  • Edited print or eBooks
  • Dictionaries
  • Religious works (Bibles)
  • Shakespeare

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of the book. Publisher Name.

Edited Book Chapters

  • Chapter in an edited book 
  • Chapter from a textbook
  • Work in an anthology
  • Entry in a dictionary or thesaurus

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of Book (page numbers). Publisher Name.


This category also includes reports, conference presentations, dissertations, and reviews. See the box below or the APA 7th edition Publication Manual for additional examples.

Online works that fit a textual work category should be cited as such.

Use a DOI (digital object identifier) for all works including print works, if available.


*Please Note that all reference list entries should be formatted with double spacing between lines and a hanging indent.* 

Journal Article with DOI

Sugiura, M., Nouchi, R., Honda, A., Sato, S., Abe, T., & Imamura, F. (2020) Survival-oriented personality factors associated with various types of social support in an emergency disaster situation. PLoS ONE 15(2), 1-14.

Journal Article without DOI from Database or Print Version

Komasi, S., Soroush, A., Nazeie, N., Saeidi, M., & Zakiei, A. (2016). Enneagram of personality as an effective model in the prediction of the risk of cardiovascular diseases: A case-control study. Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Medicine 4(3), 468-473.

Magazine Article

Seligmann, J., & Nadine, J. (1994, September 12). To find self, take a number. Newsweek 124(11), 64. 

Newspaper Article

Weber, L., & Dwoskin, E. (2014, September 30). As personality tests multiple, employers are split. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, A1-A12. 

Blog Post

Powell, J. (2020, March 24). What is truly essential? Flourishing @ Life.

Authored Book with DOI

Sandage, S. J., Rupert, D., Stavros, G. S., & Devor, N. G. (2020). Relational spirituality in psychotherapy: Healing suffering and promoting growth. American Psychological Association. 

Authored Book without DOI

Cron, I. M., & Stabile, S. (2016). The road back to you: An Enneagram journey to self-discovery. IVP Books.

Entry in Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia

Oxford English Dictionary. (n.d.). Help. In Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved April 7, 2020, from

Religious Work (Bible)

Life Application Study Bible: New Living Translation (2nd ed.). (2007). Tyndale House Publishers. (Original work published in 1996)

Report by Government Agency or Organization

National Cancer Institute. (2019). Cancer trends progress reportU.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Health.

Dissertation or Thesis from a Database

Prien, H. E. (1998). The Enneagram and the actor: Using a system of typology in character analysis (Publication No. 9902736). [Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University-Carbondale]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.