Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA 7th ed. Style Guide

This guide gives an overview of formatting a research paper using APA 7th edition citation style

What are Data Sets, Software, and Tests?

Data Sets

  • Data set or unpublished raw data

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of data set [Description]. Publisher Name.


  • Computer software
  • Mobile apps
  • Apparatuses
  • Equipment

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. https://xxxxxx

Test Groups

  • Manual for test, inventory, scale
  • Test, Inventory, Scale

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of Test. Test Database Name. https://xxxxxx

Additional reference list entries are below or in the APA 7th edition Publication Manual.


*Please Note that all reference list entries should be formatted with double spacing between lines and a hanging indent.* 

Data Set

United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2019). American time use survey: Arts activities (ICPSR 36268; Version 4) [Data set]. ICPSR.

Mobile App

Zoom Video Communications, Inc. (2020). ZOOM cloud meetings (Version 4.6.9) [Mobile app]. App Store.

Manual for a Test, Scale, or Inventory 

Morey, L. C. (n.d.). Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): Professional Manual (2nd ed.). PAR.