Skip to Main Content

APA 7th ed. Style Guide

This guide gives an overview of formatting a research paper using APA 7th edition citation style

What are Data Sets, Software, and Tests?

Data Sets

  • Data set or unpublished raw data

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of data set [Description]. Publisher Name.


  • Computer software
  • Mobile apps
  • Apparatuses
  • Equipment

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. https://xxxxxx

Test Groups

  • Manual for test, inventory, scale
  • Test, Inventory, Scale

Basic Format: Author, A. A. (Date). Title of Test. Test Database Name. https://xxxxxx

Additional reference list entries are below or in the APA 7th edition Publication Manual.


*Please Note that all reference list entries should be formatted with double spacing between lines and a hanging indent.* 

Data Set

United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2019). American time use survey: Arts activities (ICPSR 36268; Version 4) [Data set]. ICPSR.

Mobile App

Zoom Video Communications, Inc. (2020). ZOOM cloud meetings (Version 4.6.9) [Mobile app]. App Store.

Manual for a Test, Scale, or Inventory 

Morey, L. C. (n.d.). Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): Professional Manual (2nd ed.). PAR.