In-text citations tell the reader where you found the information you are quoting or referencing. MLA format uses author and page number for in-text citation. Each in-text citation should have a corresponding full citation on the Works Cited page.
If the author is unknown uses the first few words or the full title. Use the style of page number found in the work (i.e. Roman numerals if the book used Roman numerals).
The general format for in-text citations is:
Parenthetical Citation: (Author Page Number)
Narrative Citation: Author "Quotation" (Page Number).
A parenthetical citation comes at the end of a quotation and outside of the quotation marks or the end of a sentence when a work is paraphrased. In a narrative citation, you introduce the author of the quote or idea in the text. At the end of the thought or quotation, you would add the page number in parenthesis.
|Source Type||Parenthetical Citation|
|One Author||(Rodriguez 447)|
|Two Authors||(Dorris and Erdrich 23)|
|Three or More Authors||(Burdick et al. 42)|
|Corporate Author||(Yale University Press 26)|
One noun phrase
Multiple noun phrases
Title: Faulkner's Southern Novels
Citation: (Faulkner's Southern Novels 12)
Title: The Double Vision: Language and Meaning in Religion
Citation: (Double Vision 56)
|Poem or Verse Work||(Hemans line 131-132)|
(Author page number; other identifying information)
Example: (Miller 9; act 1)
(Bible edition title, Scripture reference)
Example: (New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10)
Subsequent citations: (Rev. 4.6-8)
The Purdue OWL website has helpful tips and sample papers.
Many of these formatting guidelines can be programmed into your Word processing program, please see a librarian for help.
More information and a template for creating a "Works Cited" page can be found on the MLA Style Guide website.
Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.
*If a source is part of a larger body of work or whole, the container is the larger whole that holds the source. For example an article in a newspaper; the article is the source and the newspaper is the container.