Skip to main content

Research Assistance

Citation Basics

What is a citation? 

  • A well-constructed citation presents all of the information needed to identify or locate a specific resource (article, book, book chapter, video, etc.)
  • Citations are found in print indexes, online databases (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, etc.), and bibliographies.
  • Journal articles, books, and other types of resources typically include lists of citations to facilitate access to content that has been quoted or referenced in the text.

 What's in a citation?

  • The specific elements included in a citation will vary depending upon the type of material being cited.
  • The examples below identify citation elements for three of the most common resource types.

 A sample journal citation is shown below:

Citation Guides