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Research Assistance: Citation Styles

Citation Basics

What is a citation? 

  • A well-constructed citation presents all of the information needed to identify or locate a specific resource (article, book, book chapter, video, etc.)
  • Citations are found in print indexes, online databases (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, etc.), and bibliographies.
  • Journal articles, books, and other types of resources typically include lists of citations to facilitate access to content that has been quoted or referenced in the text.

 What's in a citation?

  • The specific elements included in a citation will vary depending upon the type of material being cited.
  • The examples below identify citation elements for three of the most common resource types.

 A sample journal citation is shown below:


RefWorks is an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

Note to users: Remember when using RefWorks, you have ultimate responsibility for the projects and bibliographies created. You will want to proofread all documents to determine the accuracy of the spelling, capitalization and general formatting.  Take a look at the style manual you are using and compare your bibliography and notes to the examples in the style manual.