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Nursing: Evidence Based Practice

This information guide is customized for the discipline of nursing. It includes resources for bachelor's, master's and doctoral students and faculty members.

Best Practices

Proper handwashing helps
prevent the transmission of
germs and infections. This
discovery began long ago
and included the discovery
of Semmelweis.

Dr. Ignaz Swemmelweis

Dr. Ignaz P. Semmelweis - 1860

Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis, aged 42 in 1860
a copperplate engraving by Jenő Dopy.

A Hungarian physician, Dr. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis described as the "savior of mothers", who discovered by 1847 that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection (by means of handwashing with chlorinated lime solution) in obstetrical clinics. Puerperal fever (or childbed fever) was common in mid-19th-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%–35%.

Source: Wyklicky H, Skopec M. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis, the prophet of bacteriology. Infection Control : IC, 1983 Sep-Oct;4(5):367-70.

EBP and Improvement Science Websites

Free Literature Resources

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Evidence-Based Practice
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. Information from AHRQ's research helps people make more informed decisions and improve the quality of health care services.

National Guidelines Clearinghouse
Public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. An initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Physiotherapy Evidence Database. PEDro is a free database of over 16,500 randomised trials, systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines in physiotherapy.

PubMed (Medline)
Search the published literature for evidence-based information.

Clinical search tool designed to allow health professionals to rapidly identify the highest quality clinical evidence for clinical practice.

Joanna Briggs Institute


The Joanna Briggs Institute collaborates internationally with over 70 entities across the world. The Institute and its collaborating entities promote and support the synthesis, transfer and utilisation of evidence through identifying feasible, appropriate, meaningful and effective healthcare practices to assist in the improvement of healthcare outcomes globally.