This page a brief overview of the Publication Manual for APA 7th edition. For additional and more detailed information refer to the Publication Manual for APA 7th edition. A librarian can also help you with additional citation or paper formatting questions. Please contact LeAn (901-324-2014 ext. 3107) on the MCUTS campus or Amber (731-661-5058) on the Jackson campus. You can also request a research coach appointment.
In-text citations are used within the main content of your paper to indicate where a quote or idea was found. APA uses the author-date style of in-text citation. Each in-text citation should also have a full citation on the references page of your paper.
The general format for in-text citations is:
Parenthetical Citation: (Author, Publication Year)
Narrative Citation: Author (Publication Year)
|Author Type||Parenthetical citation||Narrative Citation|
|One author||(Luna, 2020)||Luna (2020)|
|Two authors||(Salas & D'Agostino, 2020)||Salas and D'Agostino (2020)|
|Three or more authors||(Martin et al., 2020)||Martin et al. (2020)|
Group author with abbreviation
(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2020)
|Group author without abbreviation||(Stanford University, 2020)||Stanford University (2020)|
American Psychological Association (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Assocation (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
The 7th edition was introduced in Fall 2019, please check with your professor on which edition to use. There are some changes between the 6th and 7th editions.
Many of these formatting guidelines can be programmed into your Word processing program, please see a librarian for help.
Every source you used for this research paper should be included on the reference page.