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Resources for students and faculty at MCUTS

Research Coach

Make a research coach appointment with a librarian today and get help framing research questions, finding or accessing resources, and citation help.  Students can meet with a librarian face-to-face, over the phone, or through Zoom video conferencing. 

APA Style Guide 7th edition

This page a brief overview of the Publication Manual for APA 7th edition. For additional and more detailed information refer to the Publication Manual for APA 7th edition. A librarian can also help you with additional citation or paper formatting questions. Please contact Amber (731-661-5058) on the Jackson campus. You can also request a research coach appointment.

In-text Citation

In-text citations are used within the main content of your paper to indicate where a quote or idea was found. APA uses the author-date style of in-text citation. Each in-text citation should also have a full citation on the references page of your paper. 

The general format for in-text citations is:

Parenthetical Citation: (Author, Publication Year)

Narrative Citation: Author (Publication Year)

Author Type Parenthetical citation Narrative Citation
One author (Luna, 2020) Luna (2020)
Two authors (Salas & D'Agostino, 2020) Salas and D'Agostino (2020)
Three or more authors (Martin et al., 2020) Martin et al. (2020)

Group author with abbreviation

       First citation

       Subsequent citations


(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020)

(NIMH, 2020)


National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2020)

NIMH (2020)

Group author without abbreviation (Stanford University, 2020) Stanford University (2020)

American Psychological Association (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Assocation (7th ed.).



The 7th edition was introduced in Fall 2019, please check with your professor on which edition to use. There are some changes between the 6th and 7th editions. 

Formatting guidelines: 

  • Include a title page 
  • Student papers will have a header on each page that has a shortened title and page number
    • title is in all caps and left aligned
    • page number is right aligned
  • Font choices: Sans Serif font (11 pt. Calibri or 11 pt. Arial) or Serif font (12 pt. Times New Roman or 11 pt Georgia)
  • Double space 
  • Use one space after a punctuation mark including periods
  • Margins: 1 inch on all sides

Many of these formatting guidelines can be programmed into your Word processing program, please see a librarian for help.

Reference List

Formatting guidelines:

  • Start on a new page after the main text
  • Center References at the top as the title of the page
  • Double space 
  • Use hanging indentation (first line aligned left and additional lines indented 0.5 inches)
  • Organize alphabetically by author last name or first word of the full citation

Every source you used for this research paper should be included on the reference page. 

Changes in 7th edition: 
  • No URL is used when an article is found in a database and does not have a DOI
  • DOI is written as a hyperlink 
  • Use a DOI for print and electronic materials when available
  • Publisher location is NO longer needed for print materials