Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.
Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual; others are recommendations from librarians at Indian River State College who developed the guide on which this one is based.
The APA citation style is used mainly in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields. Check with your professor to see which edition you should use as both editions are being used.
The standard citation style guide book for the fields of business, education, health sciences, and social sciences is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual. We commonly refer to it as "the APA Manual".
Union University departments that use APA style include business, education, nursing, social work, psychology and sociology.
Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.
The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations.
The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper. The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.
APA Style Guide by Jenny Manasco Union University Library is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on APA Style Guide by Alexis Carlson Indian River State College and http://www.apastyle.org.
Make a research coach appointment with a librarian today and get help framing research questions, finding or accessing resources, and citation help. Students can meet with a librarian face-to-face, over the phone, or through Zoom video conferencing.